WPA Mrs. Lorencita Miranda
Writer: Edith L. Crawford,
Carrizozo, N. Mex.
Date: May 5, 1939
Topic: Pioneer Story
Source of Information:
Mrs. Lorencita Miranda,
Lincoln, New Mexico.
I was born August 10, 1861, in the
town of Las Placitas, New Mexico, in Socorro County, New Mexico. (Las Placitas is
now the town of Lincoln,
and is in Lincoln County,
New Mexico.) My father Gregorio
Herrera married my mother Gerelda Torres in Manzano, New Mexico,
about the year 1860. They moved to Las Placitas New Mexico, and I was born there. On
August 18th, 1861, about ten days after I was born, my father was killed in a
drunken row, in Las Placitas. Another man was killed at the same time and we
never were sure who did kill my father. After Father's death my mother went
back to Manzano to live with her people. My mother gave me to one of my aunts,
Trinidad Herrera, (who was nick-named Chinita) who, with my mother moved back
to Las Placitas when I was about two years old. I have lived the rest of my
life in Lincoln County.
I will soon be 78 years old.
In the year 1869, when I was eight
years old, all of the territory lying east of the Mal Pais, was created into Lincoln
and the county seat was
established at Las Placitas and the name was changed to Lincoln.
I was married to Jose Delbros
Miranda in January 1877. We were married in the Catholic Church at the Torres
Ranch, by Father Sambrano Tafoya of Manzano,
New Mexico. This church is about
six miles west of Lincoln, New Mexico. I remember that we had to walk
about five miles to the church to get married.
My husband had a two roomed adobe
house built for us to live in. It had a dirt floor. We had no stove and I had
to cook on the fireplace. All eight of my children were born in Lincoln.
Seven of them are dead and buried there. My youngest son, Emelio Miranda, is
married and has twelve children. He lives in Lincoln
and is the post-master there. One of my grandsons lives with me on my little
farm, a half mile west of the town of Lincoln. I
raise a few chickens and a small garden which helps to keep me busy.
The house where I was born in Las
Placitas (now Lincoln) stood on
the site of the old Laws Sanitarium. The place then belonged to Sabino
Gonzales, who was one of the men that helped build the old Torreon in 1855. My father-in-law Felipe
Miranda also helped to build the Torreon.
This old Torreon
was rebuilt and dedicated in 1935, by the Chaves
Archaeological and Historical Society.
My husband and I were living on
our farm just above Lincoln,
New Mexico, all during the Lincoln
War. We liked both
factions so we never took any part in the war. I remember the day the McSween
home was burned. We could see the flames and smoke from our house but we stayed
at home for we were scared to death to stick our heads out of the house. We
could also hear some of the shooting. Billy the Kid came to our house several
times and drank coffee with us. We liked him for he was always nice to the
Spanish people and they all liked him.
My Aunt, Chinita Herrera, started to
walk to Socorro, New Mexico, to see her brother. (I do not
remember the year.) She was seen on the road to Socorro by Mrs. Susan McSween
Barber who gave her a drink of water and some food. She was not far from a
ranch house and Mrs. Barber thought she would get along all right, but my aunt
was never seen or heard of again. We never did know what become of her.
My mother married a man by the
name of Octaviano Salas, and lived in Lincoln New
Mexico, until her death in September 1926.
My husband Jose Deloros Miranda
died October 28, 1928, in Lincoln and
was buried here.
NARRATOR: Mrs. Lorencita Miranda, Lincoln,
New Mexico, Aged 78 years.
Pasted from <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?wpa:31:./temp/~ammem_DBXg::>