Guevara, Padilla, Lalonde

A little of my family history, by Rich Eastwood


        Now that you’ve memorized everything and have a complete grasp of the historical setting, New Mexico, Manzano, maps and charts and all that sort of thing.


        There are four different individuals that are key players in this tale. I might add, that if you aren’t from the families involved, but you have family from the Manzano area, the story may stay pretty much the same and all you have to do is change the names.


        In San Fernando Ana María Torres was born, her parents were José Torres and Lorenza Salas, she must have been born 1805-1810.


        On February 28, 1811, 2-day-old María Juliana ‘Julianita’ Lucero was baptized, her parents were don Doming Lucero and doña Manuela Mirabal of San Fernando.


        On March 25, 1814, 7-day-old José Encarnación Padilla was baptized; his parents were Manuel Padilla and Lorenza Salaz, (the same), of San Fernando. (Lorenza later married Juan Gonzales)


        In Tomé, José Prudencio Torres was born, May 23, 1809, to Antonio Torres and Gertrudis Marquez.


        These four have shaped, voluntarily or involuntarily, our family’s lives.


        Julianita’s father, don Domingo Lucero was quite an influential person; their house was on the old church grounds at Quarai and perhaps he kept another house in San Fernando, which was not uncommon for those better off. In this environment Julianita grew up, learning, undoubtedly, at an early age to keep an eye open for rattlesnakes and Indians. A major Apache raid in 1829 or 1830 struck Quarai and apparently had a devastating effect on the Lucero finances.


        In San Fernando, November of 1824, Ana María Torres married Santiago Toledo. In March 1826 they had a son, Nazario, in San Fernando; there is no further record of them in the Tomé parish, perhaps they moved to the mining camps up on Ortiz Mountain, were Santiago died. Ana María remained a widow until May of 1844 when she married Ygnacio niño ladrón de Guevara. They made their home in the mining area in a community called El Tuerto. Ygnacio and Ana María’s marriage records state that they had known each other for 12 years; the clerk stated that he had known both parties for 12 years. Ygnacio was a widower and had a teenage son, Placidio. He had recorded a mining claim on Ortiz Mountain in 1833, which leads you to believe that he and Ana María had been in the mining camps for some time.


        Back in Manzano, a June bride is always happy, in June 1832, Prudencio Torres married Julianita Lucero and the following May they were the proud parents of a daughter, Casimira. Their happiness was cut short however, Prudencio died sometime in the next few years. Julianita then married José Padilla and they had a son, José ‘Senobio’, in December of 1839. José and Julianita apparently prospered, sheep herding and wool production were big commodities in the Manzano hills. June of 1842 brought another son, José ‘Ysidro, and in May of 1846 a daughter, María EstanisladaLada’, was born.  


        Now comes the mystery, the question marks; basically what happened to Julianita and when. In January 1848, José and Julianita had a daughter, María Teresa de Jesús. The baby was baptized at the age of two months; family tradition says Lada’s mother died when Lada was very young therefore Julianita could have died in childbirth or right after, which was not uncommon in those days. But like all good mysteries, the plot thickens.


Follow the next series of events:


        1848 New Mexico becomes a part of the United States and of course becomes subject to the decennial Census.


          January 1850 a daughter, María Manuela, is born to José Padilla and Polonia Herrera


June 1850 Census, Manzano, Valencia Co.

        José  Padilla, age 36, male, occ. Farmer, Real Estate value $100

        Pelonia Padllia, age 38, female (Polonia Herrera)

        Casimira Padilla, age 18, female (Casimira Torres)

        Senobio Padilla, age 10, male

        Ysidro Padilla, age 8, male

        Manuela Padilla, age 1, female


June 1850 Census, the goldfields of Santa Fe Co.

        Ygnacio Guebara, age 50, occ. Farmer, Real Estate value $100

        Ana Maria Guebara, age 30, female

        Nasario Guebara, age 20, male

        Placidio Guebara, age 18, male

        Estanislada, age 4, female

        Juana Padilla, age 30, female (¿Julianita?)


          October 1850 Jose Padilla married María Apolonia Herrera.


        How’s that for forensic intrigue? If Julianita died right after the birth of Teresa, why did José wait to get married?


        Perhaps the Juana listed in Ignacio’s household is really Julianita, the age doesn’t line up but neither does Ana Maria’s, why is she there?


        What is the relationship between Juana/Julianita and Lada, and Ygnacio and Ana María? The answer to this was discovered by Guevara researcher, Charles Hayes, Ana Maria was José Padilla’s half sister.


        When did Julianita actually die? If she was at the Guevara’s she might have died between June and October giving the Priest the freedom to marry José and Polonia. Other questions obviously arise, but it sure makes an interesting scenario.


        Whatever the story entailed, the real outcome was that Lada was raised in Ygnacio’s household and she called him her tio (uncle) and in his final years, the mid 1880s, she was the one to care for him.


        Back to history, as you have seen, the Manzano folks had developed a good transportation system. It seems that some of their teamsters and muleteers traveled far a field; that coupled with their Rio Abajo connections put this geographically remote location into the mainstream. To add to that, in 1855, Major Carleton built a road that connected Ft. Stanton in what is Lincoln County to Albuquerque; partially using existing roads that road passed thru the Manzano area.


        Upon becoming part of the United States, of course, the legal system and political system changed. At the local level many of the political and judicial leaders chose not to remain in office and in Santa Fe there was a whole new structure. In modern literature, the do-gooders will lead you to believe that the Anglos (Americans) took wholesale advantage of the locals and stripped them of everything, which, with some notable exceptions, is untrue. Under the Mexican system, if you settled on unused land and improved it, you had rights (which is true in Mexico today); under the American system, title to the land was everything and that gradually was put in place in the 1870s. Many Hispanos didn’t understand this system and lost out, also many early Anglo settlers lost out as well.  See Mrs. Casey’s trials after Robert was killed, in Lilly Klasner’s  book “My Girlhood Among Outlaws”.


        In the goldfields of Santa Fe County, Ygnacio felt it was time to change as well. Sometime during the 1850s he moved his household down the Camino Real and up to Manzano, no doubt because of Ana Maria’s family connections. By the 1860 Census, Lada was still in the family and Ignacio’s son Placido, had married Maria Sanchez and had a son Maximo (age 4). Interestingly, about seven houses away was José Padilla’s family with the additions of María Manuela (age 8) and Especial (age 3). So what ever the affairs of 1850 were they seemed to have sorted themselves out in short order.


        The country around what would become Lincoln County, New Mexico, in the early 1860s, was sparsely populated. In 1855 the U.S. Government had built Fort Stanton in the hills south of the Capitan Mountains to help contain the Mescalero Apache Indians; the perceived security allowed a small community, La Placita, to spring up nearby (present day Lincoln). With the Civil War over, in 1865, focus was brought to bear on the Indian question. From Ft. Stanton, down the Hondo and up the Pecos was its companion fort, Ft. Sumner, connecting them was an old Indian trail that followed the rivers.   Re-supply is always an issue at a military installation, the same was true in 1866, and wagons and mule trains were rolling between the two forts. Roughly halfway in-between, on the banks of the Hondo was a lovely, well-watered spot, with fertile soil, just right for a little settlement.  In 1866-67, some 30 families from the Manzano area migrated down and made their homes there. They named it San José, probably because they arrived on that saint’s day, since they knew of another town in New Mexico by that name the teamsters in the crowd thought they could call it San José de Missouri (St. Joseph) a place they had been many times going down the Santa Fe Trail. The Anglos that came along later called it Missouri Bottom but it was commonly referred to as Missouri Plaza.


        Ygnacio Niño Ladrón de Guebara and household were among the settlers. Young ‘Lada Padilla, who had married and become a widow within a short time, was included and Theophilus Lalonde was also among the settlers. In about, 1867/68 they were married at Missouri Plaza. Lilly Klasner remembered them when she came to Missouri Plaza as a child, in about 1868. In the 1885 New Mexico Census, Ygnacio, now a widower, was living with Lada and her family in Nogal.